The guest blog below by certified financial planner Matthew Ardrey followed a discussion we had on social media about the distinction between traditional retirement and financial independence. Matthew, who is with T. E. Wealth, uses a definition of financial independence that is virtually identical to the one we use on this site, right down to having a paid-for home. We especially like this line: “One can be retired and not financially independent or vice versa.” Over to Matt:
By Matthew Ardrey, CFP
Special to the Financial Independence Hub
I was first introduced to the concept of retirement as a young boy, when my grandfather retired from the TTC on his 65th birthday. I understood that he no longer worked, and that this is what you do when you reach 65. From the eyes of a child, it seemed like a far away notion.
It wasn’t until 2000, when I started working in the financial services industry, that I was properly introduced to the concept of financial independence as it differs from retirement. The proprietary financial planning software we used at my workplace did not have a retirement calculator. Instead, it had a “Financial Independence Needs” analysis tool. As I was young and green, I saw it as a fancy way of saying retirement planner. Through the benefit of experience, I would soon discover that financial independence was something else entirely.
Retirement vs. Financial Independence
Retirement, by definition, is the cessation of work with the intent of not returning. Financial independence, on the other hand, is having sufficient financial assets to have the choice about whether or not you continue to work. So, one can be retired and not financially independent or vice versa.
When I explain financial independence to my clients, I let them know that the main differentiator is freedom of choice. If you are not financially independent, you have no choice but to continue working if you don’t want to alter other aspects of your life. Once you are financially independent, you can choose if you want to continue to work in the same capacity – or at all. This freedom to choose is empowering and it’s what I encourage all of my clients to work towards.
How to Get There
I’m often asked how one can get to this wonderful nirvana known as financial independence. The first step is to pay off your home. By having a debt-free residence, you have eliminated what is most people’s largest single expense. Without this hanging over your head, you have freed up significant cash-flow.
The second step is budgeting – both before and after you have reached financial independence. Before, determine what you will need to save to reach your goals, and pay yourself first. After, understand what and how you spend to determine if you have accumulated sufficient assets in the “before” stage.
Know Your Asset Returns
Understand the return on the assets that are funding your freedom. Which assets in your portfolio are generating income or appreciating, and at what rate are they growing? How are taxes affecting these returns? These are questions to which you should know the answer, as small changes in that rate compounded over a long period of time can have a significant effect.
Costs matter, period. Focus on the cost/benefit relationship of your investment structures. Benchmark both what you make and what you pay to make it. If you find that the costs are inordinate while the performance is average or worse yet, lackluster, take steps to fix the cost/benefit. Even better yet, get the jump on “CRM2” by asking your advisor to fully delineate all costs pertaining to your investments and what services are offered in exchange for these costs.
As I guide my clients towards their future goals, I find the word “retirement” is used less and less in my lexicon. When my clients leave the workforce, the pursuits they undertake tend to be much different from my grandfather’s, who retired 35 years ago. What they are pursuing is the freedom to make their life whatever they want it to be.